DAC donors as a whole provided approximately $61.7 billion a year in development finance,
compared to the NDBs’ $1.05 billion. Therefore, even if NDB projects are “dirtier” on average,
DAC donors contributed $200 billion more to “dirty” projects than NDBs from 1992 to 2008
Existing NDB aggregate statistics may be misleading. For example, NDBs make significant
contributions through in-kind technical assistance or cooperation (TA/TC) programs that are
difficult to monetize. Peter Kragelund [gated] cites a Brazilian official who estimates that its
Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (TCDC) program may be worth ten times
its stated value because Brazil’s implementation partners do not charge for TC. The PLAID 1.9
dataset also lacks information on the most significant and controversial of all the NDBs: China.
Donor countries that do not belong to the DAC are by no means an organized, coordinated, or
homogenous group: Poland, Brazil, and Saudi Arabia have distinct motives, behaviors, and
reporting mechanisms. Nor do they share a common definition of ODA with DAC (or other non-
DAC) donors, quantitative comparisons of Non-DAC donors are inherently challenging.
Therefore, one must be cautious about drawing inferences about "Non-DAC" donor behavior.